The artist is silver
The revolutionaries of the beginning of the 20th century, which in 1917, carried out the October Revolution in 1917, was perceived by all the rich experience of the Russian revolutionary and liberation movement, ascending its roots to the secret Decembrist societies of the 1810-1820s and the socio-utopian circles of the mid-19th century, to emigrant activities a. AND. Herzen, n. P. Ogareva, m. A. Bakunin and g. IN. Plekhanova, to journalism n. G. Chernyshevsky. The theoretical basis for the new generation of fighters was the communist theory (dialectical and historical materialism) of German philosophers to. Marx and f. Engels with its approval of the class struggle and dictatorship of the proletariat. Revolutionary organizations were mainly illegal in nature. Underground in Russia and legally abroad, they published literature, then engaged in its distribution. Secret meetings and meetings took place in conspiratorial apartments. To the extent of the possibility, this activity was controlled by the authorities: there was surveillance, denunciations, agents and provocateurs. In connection with the repressive activity of law enforcement agencies, there was a need for emigration, which allowed to safely work abroad and arrange party congresses there. Electronic catalog “Heroes and villains of Russian history”. SPb, 2010. WITH. 342.
V Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party (RSDLP) took place from April 30 to May 19, 1907 in the London Church of the Brotherhood on Southgate Road. At this congress, given the presence of a significant number of oscillating elements in the elected Central Committee, a Bolshevik center, led by Lenin, was created. AND. A. Silver, being a master of the picture and psychological portrait, managed to convey the atmosphere of a tense congress polemic.
In the foreground, the figures of animatedly talking in. AND. Lenin, and. IN. Stalin and Menshevik Yu. ABOUT. Martov. The writer Maxim Gorky, who was present at the congress with the right of advisory vote, listens to their conversation with interest. Clement Voroshilov leaned on a balustrade.
Work on the picture began ten years before the end, but was interrupted by the war. After the war, the silver returns to the canvas. The artist builds the playwright of the composition in the contrast of the energeticness of Lenin and his associates – as opposed to a certain confusion, the anxiety of their ideological opponents – the Mensheviks, who were then defeated from the Bolsheviks.
For the happiness of the people. Catalog of the exhibition of the Russian Museum in Malaga. 2018. WITH. 70.